Bait: Any red flesh will do but the best is beaver, horse, woodchuck, skunk, house cat or bobcat. Cut into desired sized pieces, or grind. Place in gallon jar, 2/3 full. Place lid on loosely, just enough to keep flies out. Place in warm but shaded area until bait swells and juice forms on it and it has a frothy look to it. Just a good taint, not rotten. Stir in solution with a long fork. Mix well and when finished, the solution should cover the settled bait mass by about an inch. Bury a foot or so deep in earth trenches, lids on firm but not tight as jars may explode. Age in trench for at least one month.
In a gallon jar, place 2 pints sun rendered fish oil (catfish or trout is best), 1 pint of glycerin and 20 heaping table spoons of sodium benzoate. Add 1 ounce of Valerian, 1 ½ ounces of tincture of aseofetida, then 8 tablespoon's of ground beaver Castor, 20 drops of pure skunk essence, and 1 pint of pure red fox urine. Fill jug the rest of the way with pure rainwater, shake well and age at least one week prior to adding to bait formula. It helps to add 4 ounces of ground muskrat or mink glands.